JUBA, South Sudan — After taking office as South Sudan’s new prime minister on Monday, Salva Kiir said that he made the deal to end a yearlong conflict with rebel leader Riek Machar to “avoid bloodshed.” Speaking at the nation’s parliament on Monday afternoon, Kiir thanked the international community for helping end the protracted civil war that has been a major test of how it can end conflict. “The so-called Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) will be dissolved as soon as the constitutional process is concluded,” he said, according to Reuters.
The war has left tens of thousands dead, forced an estimated 2.2 million South Sudanese to flee their homes, and soured relations between South Sudan and its neighbors. On Sunday, UN Security Council unanimously called for an end to the violence between the two warring factions. “We need a solution to this crisis urgently,” Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour told a news conference, according to Reuters.
Without this deal, Ghandour warned, there would be no peace. “If there is no peace, there will be no development for South Sudan,” he said. “People will die … If the killings and raids continue, with the international community unable to stop it, millions will die.”
The new Sudanese deal also calls for a new, long-term constitution to be completed by 2021, which must include recognition of Machar, as well as customary land rights, property redistribution, and economic reforms. In the immediate future, Kiir was warned by a regional organization that peace cannot occur unless humanitarian and political concerns are attended to immediately. He was also warned not to derail negotiations.
Read the full story at Reuters.
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